infertility

infertility
n.
inability in a woman to conceive or in a man to induce conception after regular unprotected sexual intercourse for two years. Female infertility may be due to failure to ovulate, to obstruction of the Fallopian tubes, or to disease of the lining of the uterus (endometrium). Possible treatments (depending on the cause) include administration of drugs (such as clomifene or gonadorelin analogues), surgery (see salpingography, salpingostomy, salpingolysis) to restore patency of the Fallopian tubes, gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), and in vitro fertilization. Causes of male infertility include decreased numbers or motility of spermatozoa (see oligospermia) and total absence of sperm (see azoospermia).
See also: andrology, sterility

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Infertility — In fer*til i*ty, n. [L. infertilitas: cf. F. infertilit[ e].] The state or quality of being infertile; unproductiveness; barrenness. [1913 Webster] The infertility or noxiousness of the soil. Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • infertility — infertility. = sterility (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • infertility — c.1600, from L.L. infertilitatem (nom. infertilitas), from infertilis (see INFERTILE (Cf. infertile)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Infertility — See also: Female infertility, Male infertility, and Sterility (physiology) Infertility Classification and external resources ICD 10 N46, N97.0 …   Wikipedia

  • infertility — in·fer·til·i·ty (ĭn fər tĭlʹĭ tē) n. 1. Absent or diminished fertility. 2. The persistent inability to conceive a child. * * * Inability of a couple to conceive and reproduce. It is defined as failure to conceive after one year of regular… …   Universalium

  • Infertility — The diminished ability or the inability to conceive and have offspring. Infertility is also defined in specific terms as the failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. Infertility can be due to many causes. In… …   Medical dictionary

  • infertility — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ female, male VERB + INFERTILITY ▪ cause, lead to ▪ treat INFERTILITY + NOUN …   Collocations dictionary

  • infertility — in|fer|til|i|ty [ˌınfəˈtılıti US fər ] n [U] when someone is unable to have a baby ▪ There are many possible causes of infertility in women. ▪ infertility treatments …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • infertility — in|fer|til|i|ty [ ,ınfər tıləti ] noun uncount 1. ) someone s lack of the physical ability to have children: infertility treatments 2. ) the fact that land is infertile 3. ) the failure to produce something good or useful …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • infertility — UK [ˌɪnfə(r)ˈtɪlətɪ] / US [ˌɪnfərˈtɪlətɪ] noun [uncountable] 1) someone s lack of the physical ability to have children infertility treatments 2) the fact that land is infertile 3) the failure to produce something good or useful …   English dictionary

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